I am very much a visual based person, so I have created a range of visual aids to help new trainers (or whomever) understand some of the processes I use... If you would like a pdf of any of the images below, please feel free to email me and I am happy to share!

Creating Unit Assessments

This is just a quick overview (broadly) of the process I use when creating a suite of assessment resources for a unit of competency.

Creating a Practical Assessment

This is an overview of the process I go through when creating practical assessments such as practical tasks, projects or observation logs.

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Understanding Training Packages, Qualifications, Skill Sets and Units

When students first start working with training packages, they are often introduced to a complicated world of acronyms with little guidance as to how to break the areas down and how to understand how to connect all the pieces.

This image provides a basic breakdown of the 'hierarchy' of a training package. Below are some helpful definitions for you to understand the purposes behind each level.

Training Packages

"A nationally endorsed, integrated set of competency standards, assessment guidelines and AQF qualifications for a specific industry, industry sector or enterprise." - AQTF User Guidelines Training packages cover very broad industry areas and may contain a few or a great many occupations. The health training package (HLT), for example, covers nursing, alternative health professions such as massage and reflexology, dental assistance, medical reception, health support workers and more. Training packages are developed, updated and maintained by Industry Skills Councils (ISCs) who are responsible for liaising with industry and VET practitioners to ensure that the content within training packages meets industry requirements.


"Formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, in recognition that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs." - AQTF User Guide

Qualifications are comprised of a group of units, both core (required) and elective (optional) which are guided by training package rules developed by the ISC's but able to be tailored by RTO's to meet student needs. Understanding how to put together a quality and compliant qualification that meets industry standards and student needs is a key skill for any trainer/assessor. Find out more.

Skill Sets

"Skill Sets are defined as single units of competency, or combinations of units of competency from an endorsed Training Package(s), which link to a licence or regulatory requirement, or defined industry need." - NSSC Training Package Development Handbook

Skill sets are often a combination of 3-7 units which addresses a specific need. They are more focused than qualifications which take into account a broader range of knowledge and skills. For example, the TAE40110 Certificate IV in Training and Assessment includes skills and knowledge for planning and delivering training and designing and applying assessment. There are several skill sets which approach particular aspects of this such as the Assessor Skill Set which is focused on assessment development.

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Overview of the RTO Standards

Just a highlight of what the standards are and how they fit together.


A unit of competency is the primary document that you will work with as a trainer and assessor. The unit of competency identifies the skills and knowledge that a student needs to demonstrate in order to be deemed competent. It has been established that there is a gap in the knowledge of trainers and assessors what components of a unit need to be included and evidence in a mapping guide. So this article will break down all the components and describe what needs to be mapped and how.

Understanding the Rules of Evidence

Helpful graphic to understand the Rules of Evidence

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Understanding principles of assessment

Helpful graphic to understand the principles of assessment

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VET Acronyms

Suffering from acronym overload? This 8 page list may help!